Summer Watch: Top Ten Animated Family Films of the Century!

Compiling this year’s list, Top Ten Animated Family Features of the Century for this week’s episode of Salt + Light Radio Hour has been the most fun I’ve ever had creating a movie list! (You can listen here or look for the June 30, 2018 episode here.)  A few years ago, I wouldn’t have said that animated features were a genre I particularly enjoyed, but as I put together a list of contenders to consider, review, and in some cases to see for the first time, I realized that the number of quality animated films being made (or being made available) has grown exponentially.  I will always be grateful to Disney for the wholesome animated films I grew up with (and for their continuing commitment to children’s entertainment, although sometimes widely varying in quality and value), but now there are a lot of other wonderfully gifted animators producing intriguing animated features. And due to the Motion Picture Academy creating a “Best Animated Feature” category in 2001, more animated films have become more easily available.

As readers familiar with my blog know, I use specific criteria when I offer a commentary on films. To make this top ten list, I especially considered these factors:

  • great artistry as an animated film, including animation, plot, voices, music, etc.
  • authentic, meaningful, multilayered story that offers insight into he human experience of being created in the image of God; thus I chose films that specifically explore the dignity of the human person and the giftedness of life
  • solid entertainment and/or engagement so that the whole family (or in some cases most members of the family) can watch, enjoy, and perhaps discover something more.

Another reason many of these films made it onto this list is that they deal with the universal theme of family, and the importance of family in our lives—a theme that can be appreciated by everyone at every age. However, the films on this list do more than highlight the importance of family; they also show the great beauty of a loving family life and even offer us models of what a loving family can look like—in the midst of difficulty and misunderstanding—and how that love we experience in our family becomes the foundation upon which we build our lives.

I could easily have written a “top 20” list instead! Someday I’ll write a post about all the honorable mentions that are well worth seeing but for various reasons didn’t meet the criteria for viewing by the whole family.

So, check out the countdown! I hope the list helps you pick out a couple of films to watch with your family this summer. I’d love to hear your thoughts on these top ten—please vote in the poll below!


10. Kubo and the Two Strings (2016; PG)

directed by Travis Knight, from Laika Entertainment.

Kubo and the Two Strings is the magical quest of young Kubo, a young boy who supports himself and his fragile mother by entertaining the nearby villagers with his musical stories that literally come to life as animated origami figures when he plays his three-stringed shamisen. Kubo has only one eye and has grown up listening to the fantastical stories that his mother tells him about his past, especially that he must hide from the evil spirit of his grandfather (also known as the Moon King), who stole one of Kubo’s eye when he was a baby, and who wants to steal his other eye. Kubo doesn’t know what is real and what is not, but when he accidentally stays out after dark, his mother gives her life protecting Kubo—both physically and magically.

In his adventurous quest to overcome his grandfather, Kubo is joined by two unusual companions, who help him to find a magical suit of armor that his mother hoped would protect him. Eventually Kubo returns to the village to confront his grandfather. The beauty of the ending is how Kubo is able to escape his grandfather’s evil plan.

Reasons to Watch: Darker than your typical Disney film, Kubo and the Two Strings unerringly weaves together the light and dark motifs of the story: both Kubo’s resilience and ability to play (even in the midst of a life-and-death chase), and his sorrow at the loss of his parents. Incredible animation by the Laika Entertainment Studio, a compelling and brave protagonist, origami figures that fly to life, and a lighthearted tone that balances its approach to the deeper themes of family and loss of loved ones, Kubo and the Two Strings has something for everyone in the family. The importance of family, the respect due to elders and those who have gone before us, the power of stories and the importance of memories, all lead to a wonderful resolution to the story that doesn’t rely on physical violence or “winning.”

9. The Breadwinner (2017; PG-13; based on the children’s novel by Deborah Ellis)

Directed by Norah Twomey, from Cartoon Saloon.

The Breadwinner is about eleven year old Parvana who becomes determined to help her family survive under the oppression of Taliban control after her father is unjustly imprisoned. (Her worn-out mother, her older sister and Parvana herself are not legally allowed to go out without a male accompanying them, so when Parvana’s father is arrested in retaliation for protecting Parvana, their family—including Parvana’s toddler younger brother—are in real danger of starving to death.) The dramatic tension of this film never lets up, and yet, the gentle animation style, Parvana’s unselfish love for her family, her stories for her little brother, and the kindness that she finds—both in her father and in unexpected places—broadens the film’s power, appeal, and accessibility for audiences young and old.

Cartoon Saloon is a relatively new but gifted animation studio that has its own unique style and consistently produces masterpieces, all visually delightful and extraordinarily engaging in their storytelling. The Breadwinner is their third feature. (Their first feature is higher on this list.)

Reasons to Watch: An honest and troubling depiction of life under Taliban control, this is not a film for young children. Parents would do well to watch the film alone first, to evaluate if their youngsters are ready for such a true-to-life story. Watching and then discussing The Breadwinner together as a family would be especially helpful. (This important story should be disturbing for audiences of all ages, as it is worthy to note that, though the film is set in the 1990s when the Taliban first took power, today Taliban presence is once again growing rapidly and controls or influences a large part of the country of Afghanistan.)

Parvana’s loving commitment to family, her courage in both seeking work and providing for her family, and her refusal to give up on seeing her father again, are beautiful and hopeful qualities that show the true heart of Afghan mothers and daughters. My favorite parts of the film were the specially-animated sequences of the story that Parvana tells her younger brother. Though Parvana does not seem aware of it, her story becomes a metaphor for her own life, and her storytelling is how she fights the despair and hopelessness of living in such a dire situation.

(Honorable mention goes to Cartoon Saloon’s second animated feature, Song of the Sea, a much lighter, delightful Selkie fairytale about the magical quest of Ben and his little sister Saiorse, who never speaks. Having lost their mother to the sea when Saiorse was born, Ben treasures the seashell his mother left him. When Saiorse blows into it, the children begin a quest to unlock the mystery of their mother’s whereabouts and Saiorse’s silence.)

8. The Tale of the Princess Kaguya (2013; PG)

Directed by Isao Takahata, from Studio Ghibli.

An ancient Japanese folktale about a tiny princess who is sent to earth as a punishment. An elderly bamboo cutter discovers her magically growing in a bamboo plant. He brings her home and raises her with his wife in the idyllic country side where she happily plays, but the little princess grows too rapidly from a tiny girl into a lovely young woman.

Despite their happy country existence, her father feels his lovely daughter deserves the best money can buy. He finds a rich home in the city for his daughter, and has her trained in the ways of wealthy society. The princess unwillingly obeys her father, torn by her love for her previous life in the forest with her friends, and her desire to obey and make her father happy. But the inhuman process of choosing a husband merely for appearance and status becomes  greatly distressing to the princess. The ending is not a “happily ever after,” but it offers hope and also mystery.

Reasons to Watch: I have not yet found a Studio Ghibli film I didn’t like (here is a list of some of the best Studio Ghibli films I have enjoyed), but The Tale of Princess Kaguya is the studio’s most visually exquisite  film. With all the hallmarks of a great Studio Ghibli film, there is every reason to watch: a beautifully told story, complex characters, incredibly symbolism in the visuals, and deep themes, including:

  • choices have consequences
  • the nurturing and love important for a child in the family
  • a critique of living by appearances and seeking social status
  • the value of a simple life of harmony and love
  • the incredible beauty and gift of nature

The Tale of Princess Kaguya is a gentle, delightful film for the whole family.

7. The Incredibles (2004; PG)

Directed by Brad Bird, from Walt Disney/Pixar Animation.

In some ways, this entire list could be made up of animation giants Disney & Pixar, and it was hard to choose which of their films to highlight. The Incredibles makes it onto the list because it is truly a story for families: a more-than-fun story about a family of superheroes who hide their abilities and try to live a “normal” life.  The Incredibles is a coming of age story, but not just for one child or teen. Rather, it’s an entire family’s “coming of age” story, as each family member has his or her own special gift and each member must “grow into” and value their own gifts and those of the other members of their family. Today, The Incredibles is an unusual portrait of a family that has problems and is far from perfect, but is ultimately quite healthy and loving, and who grow closer together—both with their special abilities and simply as the persons they are.

Reasons to Watch: A lighter choice on our list, nevertheless this “family coming-of-age” story offers insights for every member in the family—both animated characters and the flesh-and-blood viewers—all in the context of a loving family with a father and mother who are not only great parents, but understand that their family (not just themselves as individuals) has an important role in the mission of saving the world. (Plus, the sequel is in theaters right now!)

6. Coco (2017; PG)

Directed by Lee Unkrich and Adrian Molina, from Walt Disney/Pixar Animation.

Disney/Pixar has made many outstanding films, and it was hard to choose which to include (see #2 on the list for my top Disney/Pixar pick!) (A couple of excellent runners-up: Finding Nemo, Moana, and Wall-E were serious contendors.) Coco is here on the list because of its wonderful homage to Mexican families. Authentic cultural touches include the Mexican music; the tradition of celebrating the Day of the Dead that, while certainly not a Catholic tradition, does point to the importance of honoring our ancestry; the bright colors and artistic design; and even small gestures of the characters, such as the grandmother throwing her shoe to rebuke her stubborn grandson.

The film centers around young boy Miguel’s dream to become a musician, which is a problem because his large, loving family has a generations-old ban on music. Miguel is a well-drawn, recognizable figure of a young boy who is torn between family and his dream. Well-developed characters, the magic of interacting with family ancestors who are already deceased, all create a wonderfully well-rounded picture of family and highlight the importance of family—even in following one’s dreams.

Reasons to Watch: In addition to the great music, fun, and family themes, Coco’s emphasis on the importance of both love and forgiveness in one’s family is beautifully drawn here.

* The Book of Life (2014; PG) was a runner-up for this spot, and deserves recognition for being the first animated feature film to bring Mexican culture to the mainstream big screen. (I suspect that The Book of Life’s release and DVD sleeper hit status helped Coco’s success.) A refreshingly entertaining and wholesome story with deeply Christian themes, The Book of Life has an astonishing, original, and vivid style of animation; a not-very-predictable plot with unexpected twists and turns, and a few emotional moments that completely hushed a theater full of families with young children. Yet, The Book of Life wobbles a bit in overall quality and seems to lack some of the authentic touches that made Coco such a moving expression of  Mexican culture (perhaps partly due to the choice of music).

Both The Book of Life and Coco are amazing films with remarkably similar themes, but they each carry those themes through their stories in entirely different ways. One feature of The Book of Life that I especially appreciated was the ending—a great ending, but not the “perfectly happily ever after” that is so problematic to find in all Disney films. (If you need more reasons to watch The Book of Life, check out my original review here.)

5. How To Train Your Dragon 1 & 2 (2010, 2014; PG)

Directed by Dean DeBlois and Chris Sanders (How To Train Your Dragon 2 directed by Dean DeBlois), from Dreamworks Animation

(based on the book series by Cressida Cowell)

Son of a fearless Viking chief, Hiccup doesn’t fit the Viking mold. He should be learning how to fight dragons. But when he accidentally befriends a powerful Night Fury dragon that he injured, Hiccup discovers that the dragon-fighting Vikings have misjudged their greatest enemy. Instead of being their enemies, dragons could become precious allies—if only he and his Night Fury can overcome the prejudice and fears of the Viking  people.

How To Train Your Dragon 2 begins with Hiccup still not “fitting in” to his village or his father’s expectations.  Hiccup prefers to go exploring rather than preparing to become the new village chief, but on his explorations, Hiccup discovers both terrible threats and wonderful new discoveries that will change his village forever. But his greatest discovery is how he needs his family to deal with both.

I take secret delight in all stories with great dragon characters, and both of these films are personal favorites of mine, despite some of the films’ weaknesses (for example, some of the dragons get more character development than the stereotypical secondary characters).  Above all, these films are unbeatable in the depth and realism with which they explore Hiccup’s character development and the key relationships in his life— above all with his father. I couldn’t choose between these two films is that the first one is really great, but the second film is not just a worthy sequel, but in some ways tops the first film.

The adventure and visual delight of vicariously flying on the back of a dragon, and the stunning attention to the world of dragons make both films artistic masterpieces.

Reasons To Watch: If you are not a dragon-story lover, these films are both profound coming-of-age stories that will resonate with both children and adults. They also delve realistically and deeply into parent-child relationships, the preservation and cultivation of the natural world, and the realistic consequences of dealing with danger, including loss. Although the films also include a good bit of fighting (because the protagonists are Vikings and dragons, after all), the resolution of each film’s major conflict comes not from physical strength or violence but rather by authentic leadership.

Both films are chockfull of fun and strong community and family values.

Note for parents: In addition to the fighting scenes and life-and-death danger of the animated characters, How To Train Your Dragon 2 specifically deals with loss of a beloved major character, and the influence of that loss on Hiccup.

4. The Secret of Kells (2009; PG)

Directed by Tom Moore & Nora Twomey (co-director), from Cartoon Saloon

The story of Brendan, the young nephew of the Abbot of the monastery at Kells, who is entrusted with a series of tasks to help save the Book of Kells from the destruction of Viking invaders (who did indeed attack the monastery several times. In the year 806, 68 monks were murdered at the monastery by the invaders). The film is an imaginative, fantastical fairytale that weaves together Celtic myth and legend and a delightfully playful imagination, centered around the Word of God and set within the context of actual historical events. Note to parents: as imaginative and playful as this film is, some of the animated sequences of the invasion could be very scary for younger children.

Reasons to watch: The Book of Kells is a real, ancient illuminated manuscript of the four Gospels with commentary and exquisite illustrations—thought to be completed by the monks at Iona or Kells around 800 A.D.  (The Book of Kells has been called the greatest medieval treasure of Europe.) In the film, the Book of Kells is treated as much more than an artistic treasure. It was one of the precious copies of the Sacred Word of God, and the holy manuscript represents the light of the Gospel that transformed Western civilization. The focus of the film is the urgency of saving this precious copy of the Gospel from destruction. The playful, imaginative spirit of the film resonates well with the playful, imaginative illustrations found in the Book of Kells, such as the film’s mysterious white cat character, whose image is found in the illustrations of the Book of Kells. (I have always found monasteries and convents some of the most joyful places on earth.) The hand-drawn, exquisite style of animation draws on the illuminated art in the Book of Kells itself.

Themes include: art and the imagination, the Bible (especially the Gospel), the Gospel as a light of civilization and the importance of allowing it to continue to shine—in reading the Bible, in sharing Word of God with others, in trying to live the Word of God in the choices we make.

A possible family activity after watching the film would be to look online at some of the exquisite pages of the Book of Kells here or here (or other illuminated manuscripts such as the Lindisfarne Gospels), and invite each member of the family to choose a story from the Gospel to “illuminate.” Then, either create the illuminated story with text and image, or invite each member to talk about how they would illuminate that story—what symbols would they use, which words from the Gospel text would they emphasize, and how.

3. The LEGO Movie (2014; PG)

Directed by Phil Lord, Christopher Miller, from Warner Brothers.

This bright, primary-colored, youngster-friendly story is about ordinary LEGO construction worker Emmet Brickowoski, who accidentally discovers an important artifact (the Piece of Resistance) prophesied about at the beginning of the film. Emmet is identified as the “Special,” a Messiah-like figure who is expected to defeat President Business, who threatens to paralyze all in the LEGO worlds with superglue (the “Krackle”). Emmet’s ordinariness AND specialness are ultimately what will save the LEGO worlds and reinforce the truth that all of us are both ordinary and special.

For a film based on a bunch of interlocking block toys, The LEGO Movie is not just watchable by the whole family, but is truly engaging and has a deeper “something” for kids of all ages, throughout its sometimes zany, often unexpected twists and turns.

Reasons To Watch: Always true to its initial inspiration, The LEGO Movie is brilliantly written and masterfully executed, all with an uncompromising fidelity to primary colors and its young audience. A “spoof” of the popular superhero stories we have been inundated with lately, The LEGO Movie takes us on a journey with a block-like, ordinary construction worker who, by the end, grows into not only recognizing his own specialness, but by recognizing that every “person” (or LEGO character) is uniquely special. As a screenwriter, I am awed each time I see how The LEGO Movie filmmakers accomplish such deeply felt, surprising, and insightful moments, all in a fun way. For more reasons to watch, check out my initial review:

From my initial review:

Emmet’s self-sacrifice near the end is a powerful image of selfless, Christ-like love. Where The LEGO Movie really stands out is its twofold message about yearning to be special. Being special is such a fundamental human desire that even grown-ups can resonate with Emmet’s pain when he’s harshly told that he’s not special. But Emmet doesn’t just discover that he’s special (an important message in itself for young viewers). He also discovers how his “specialness” fits with his being part of a community, part of a team. We are all special and unique, and yet we best express how special we are when we “fit” together and work with each other. This second message is delightfully reinforced by the ending, which is refreshingly nonviolent.

2. Up (2009; PG)

Directed by Pete Docter, Bob Peterson (co-director) from Walt Disney/Pixar Animation.

The first eleven minutes of this film make a powerful stand-alone film all by itself—not just a poignant introduction to the protagonist and a backstory that captures our hearts and imaginations, but also a touching tribute to the beauty of married life and an introduction to the themes of the rest of the film.

But those first eleven minutes are also the perfect set-up for a fantastic story about elderly Carl Frederickson, who, still grieving after the loss of his beloved wife Ellie, decides to carry out their childhood dream of following in the footsteps of a famed explorer and flying to the mysterious Paradise Falls in South America. On his fantastical flight (helium balloons lift his house and take him to South America), Carl unknowingly takes along a “stowaway,” young neighbor Russell, who challenges him to go beyond his grief to live a new adventure. And they truly do have a wonderful adventure—not just reaching Paradise Falls and meeting its mysterious inhabitants, but then growing beyond grief and fear.

Reasons to Watch: With its gentleness, spirit of adventure, poignance, laugh-out-loud humor, and talking dogs, there is no reason not to watch this uplifting film! At every moment, we are lifted up with the film’s positive, hopeful view of life—in all its beauty, meaning, and dignity, even at times of grief or sorrow. A gentle, genuinely affecting film made for viewers of all ages, Up is truly the perfect family summer film.

1. Spirited Away (PG, 2001)

Directed (and written) by Hayao Miyazaki, from Studio Ghibli

Spirited Away is considered by many to be the masterpiece of Studio Ghibli and of its most famous director, Hayao Miyazaki. Spirited Away is the story of 10 year-old Chichiro, who is driving with her parents to their new home. A despondent Chichiro already misses her friends, but becomes uneasy when her parents get lost and decide to explore an old building they come upon: an entrance to a seemingly abandoned amusement park, where they find abundant, delicious fresh food. Her parents dig in without question to the food…and eat so greedily that they lose their humanity and become pigs. Chichiro then discovers that she and her parents are trapped in a magical bathhouse for spirits. A seemingly friendly boy named Haku warns her that if she doesn’t leave immediately without her parents, she won’t survive unless she gets a job. So Chichiro signs a contract with the witch in charge, Yubaba, who steals Chichiro’s name and thus traps her there as well.

This short description of the first few minutes of the film doesn’t do it justice. The film is truly a magically animated adventure, filled with an incredibly variety of creatures and settings, wondrously animated with incredible and generous attention to detail.

Reasons to Watch: A truly fantastical adventure filled with strange creatures, Spirited Away is a sheer delight to watch, both for its lavish animation and the deftly developed plot which allows us to truly enter into Chichiro’s journey. And it is this magical, realistic journey of young Chichiro that makes this film resonate with viewers young and old, for it is the journey of a young, practically helpless ten-year-old girl whose pluck, determination, and persistence help her both to survive and to mature into a lovely young woman with intelligence, resilience, strength, and goodness. Both fable and fairy tale, every moment in this adventure is much more than it seems, just as each character is much more than they seem. Themes include: the respect that everyone deserves, the virtue of loyalty, the importance of balance, the consequences of gluttony, freedom, the importance of memory, and the reality that the choices we make have consequences.

(All of Studio Ghibli’s films are well worth exploring. Fun note: My personal favorite Studio Ghibli film is Howl’s Moving Castle, which has all the elements of the Spirited Away, plus a strong anti-war theme; the story is lighter, has a smaller cast of characters, and the entire film is more whimsical. Both films have somewhat similar plots, but are handled quite differently. For me, Howl’s Moving Castle is even more delightful that Spirited Away, but I had to give Spirited Away first place due its sheer scope, visual magnificence, and theme of family. Here is a previous post with a quick look at some of the other Studio Ghibli films.


What do you think? Agree? Disagree? Is one of your family’s favorite animated features (from this century) missing? Please vote for your top three below…and write-ins are welcome!


Divergent: Choosing the Greatest (Social) Virtue

What’s your favorite virtue? What is the most important human virtue for society?

Dystopian films and novels of the young adult variety are really not something I enjoy, and with so many releasing lately, my antipathy has grown. But I’d heard some interesting things from young people about Divergent, so I decided to  read the novel and see the film. I was not disappointed.

For my five-minute take on the film, visit last week’s Salt + Light’s Radio Hour:


In Divergent, the civilized world of the future  is reduced to the city of Chicago, where its citizens are divided into five factions, each of which is based on a social virtue and has a particular role to carry out in society:

Dauntless (Courage) includes law enforcement and soldiers

Erudition (Knowledge or Wisdom) includes librarians, doctors, scientists and teachers

Abnegation (Selflessness) includes government leaders and workers

Amity (Kindness) includes farmers

Candor (Honesty, Truthfulness) includes lawyers.

So what I really loved about the Divergent world is not just that it’s based in Chicago (a city where I spent two wonderful years), but that the society is based on some of the virtues. Of course, what becomes clear pretty early on is that when the virtues are isolated, they can sometimes carried to an extreme: e.g. Candor’s symbol in the choosing system is glass—a symbol of transparency, but also a symbol of the ability to cut and divide. Without love, without the religious or Christian underpinnings of the virtues, the factions give in to an extremism that becomes destructive—especially Erudition, who seek to take over the government from Abnegation.

The film starts with the day before 16-year-old Beatrice Pryor takes the test in which the young people are told which faction they have an aptitude for. For viewers, it’s fairly obvious that some people would fit well into more than one faction. However, this comes as a surprise to Beatrice Pryor, who has aptitude for three factions—in other words, she is a “divergent.” She is told by the person who tests her that she needs to keep this a secret or she will be killed. Raised in Abnegation by devoted parents who serve in the government, Beatrice doubts her own selflessness and has always been drawn to Dauntless, eventually choosing Dauntless as her faction. But with her secret Divergent identity, the conspiracy/adventure is off to a fast start, and Beatrice has to learn who to trust in her new faction, including her mysterious mentor/teacher, Four.

Take the aptitude test for the five factions, and see where you come out strongest!

If, like me, you feel a bit “been there, done that,” because of the sheer number of YA dystopian stories and films, then the virtue backdrop of this action/adventure/coming of age/romance genre mix might make it one you choose to see. The fact that Beatrice Pryor is a strong, female heroine who lives in a violent world but doesn’t see violence as the primary solution, is another plus for this story.

Problems with the film are both artistic and age-appropriate content. The overemphasis on action in the film, and some of the battles/violence included in both book and film could be questionable for some teens. The film’s script oversimplifies the plot of the book, yet this is a plus for those who haven’t read the book because the plot is understandable, if it has a few holes that only the novel fills in. The greatest disappointment is that the film comes up quite short with regard to character development. In some ways, the film feels like an imitation Hunger Games, with just less quality all-around. Despite this, Divergent is a powerful coming-of-age story with sympathetic characters and a few story twists that are as dauntless as Beatrice herself. Acting, cinematography, and production values may not be extraordinary but contribute to a credible, solid, and well-done film. Not only did it feel quite credible to me, some of the scenes were exactly as I’d imagined them from the book.


The World of the Story

It’s hard not to immediately compare Divergent to The Hunger Games, and there are many similarities—all the elements found in dystopian stories, with the addition of a strong heroine. While The Hunger Games has a lot to offer as social commentary on our culture, I don’t think its commentary is appropriate for children (tweens and younger teens) because the stories and films engage the imagination in a dark and disturbing way, rather than fostering a healthy moral imagination. (The Hunger Games uses morally abhorrent situations for its social commentary, such as entertainment that centers on children killing children that is generally accepted by society; or a society where everyone “uses” everyone else for their own ends). I find Divergent much healthier spiritually and morally for younger audiences. No one is all bad or all good; there are adults that can’t be trusted, but there are also good adults. And we don’t necessarily feel forced to participate in the moral depravity of the world we’re exploring. Divergent, while still taking place in a violent, morally challenged world, has some anchors; the world is not completely dark—we as viewers can find grace there, not just in Beatrice’s character, but in others as well.

Virtues As the Basis of Society

While the political and ultimately military struggle for power becomes the major plot of Divergent—as in any good dystopian story—the premise of building a society upon the virtues gives us as the audience the opportunity to reflect more on these particular virtues:

* As people strive to live them

* When the virtues (and the people who practice them) are isolated from each other

* How the virtues are needed together and the importance of moderation even in the practice of certain virtues.

The two virtues that are explored best get the most screen time, and reflect the factions Beatrice comes from—Abnegation (or selflessness), and goes to—Dauntless (or courage). As someone who has personally struggled a lot with fearfulness, I found the exploration of courage and fear intriguing.

This story—both the film and the book—can open a great discussion into the moral life for teenages and viewers: how do we practice virtue even in the most difficult of circumstances? Faithful to its virtue-driven themes, the protagonist Beatrice Pryor is, over and over again, put in very difficult or even seemingly impossible situations where she has to make moral choices.

Another reason I like this film is that it contrasts the virtual world—imagined simulations where the Dauntless are trained to overcome their fears by confronting their deepest fears—with the real world. Beatrice has several opportunities to practice so that, when she is finally put into the position of choosing whether or not to kill someone she loves, she makes an unexpected courageous choice.

The film’s violence gives it a deserved cautionary rating for young people: PG in Canada and PG-13 in the USA.

Pompeii Film Commentary: More Than a Visual Extravaganza

PompeiiMoviePosterOverly ambitious, Pompeii falls a bit short of its reach but helps us ponder the human heart by exploring the range of human responses in the face of unexpected tragedy. 

It’s hard to talk about a film in the disaster genre without giving away what happens: who survives and who doesn’t? Also, I need to add a disclaimer: disaster movies are one of my least-favorite genres because the plot is so predictable and the “narrow escapes” of the characters are so unrealistic. Despite these weaknesses, I’m glad I chose to see this film.

While primarily a disaster film, Pompeii is also a mix of several other genres—historical, love, action, etc. I think this is both the film’s strength and weakness. For me, Pompeii tries to do too much in its mere 105 minutes, ending up somewhat shallow and unsatisfying. But I prefer the choice of trying to do too much in too little time rather than forcing an audience to undergo a three-hour film that drags. Surprisingly, despite the predictability of the plot, Pompeii flew by for me…and left me wanting more.

The story of Pompeii is, of course, the destruction of the entire city of Pompeii whose population is oblivious to the threat of Mount Vesuvius’s active volcano. The biggest reason we come to care about the destruction of the city is the young couple who fall in love, although they are separated by social status: Milo (played by Kit Harington) is a gladiatorial slave who reveals unexpected compassion for horses and Cassia (Emily Browning), who is a beautiful young noblewoman pursued by Corvus (Kiefer Sutherland), the powerful but not-so-noble senator from Rome.

As entertainment, Pompeii has a lot going for it: solid acting, an amazing re-creation of daily life in Pompeii, lots of intense action (although the gladiatorial fights are gratuitously violent), admirable integrity in the characters of Milo and Cassia, strong pacing, stunning visual effects, and a use of 3D that visually makes us feel we are participants in the most dramatic moments. Despite these strengths, the film would have been stronger if it offered more depth in character and relational development. Most of the characters are portrayed in black and white terms, tending towards archetypes rather than complex characters. The exceptions are Cassia’s parents, whose short time onscreen offers a refreshing complexity.

Pompeii is far from a family film, due to the catastrophic destruction of the city of Pompeii, the gratuitous yet mostly bloodless violence of the gladiatorial fighting, and the troublesome aspect of revenge portrayed as justice. Yet,Pompeii offers more mature audiences the opportunity to reflect deeply on both the human condition and the human heart.

Pompeii’s filmmakers make the brave choice not to shirk from the question many of us ask in the face of overwhelming disaster—and they put the question on Cassia’s lips: Why does God allow so much suffering and destruction? (Cassia, of course, asks it from her perspective: Why do the gods allow this?) Instead of trying to give us a pat answer, the film instead shows us how various characters choose to face the threat of death, and how they live their last moments when death become inevitable. This exploration of our humanity—the weakness and glory of the human spirit, and the struggle to find meaning in the midst of the most terrifying of circumstances—left me pondering my own courage and cowardice in the face of my life’s challenges.

An entertaining film with crowd-pleasing merits, Pompeii can help us to explore deeper questions as well: Where do we choose to focus our gaze when tragedy strikes? And where does God invite us to look?

* * *

Below are some suggestions for viewing Pompeii in the light of Scripture and as a window to the soul of humanity.*

Suggested Scripture passage to accompany your viewing: 

Hebrews 12:1-14

“Let us run with perseverance the race that is set before us, looking to Jesus the pioneer and perfecter of our faith, who for the sake of the joy that was set before him endured the cross” (Heb. 12:1-2).


  • Nobility
  • Freedom
  • Courage
  • Revenge vs. justice
  • Preciousness and fragility of life
  • The power of love

Questions for personal reflection and/or sharing:

  1. Where do we find true nobility, and how is it expressed?
  2. Which act of courage in the film do you admire most, and why?
  3. How important was revenge throughout the film? And at the end of the film, is revenge still important?
  4. Who in the film is truly free? Who becomes truly free, and how?
  5. After seeing Pompeii, would you agree with the statement: “Love overcomes all?” Why or why not?

Family- and Faith-Affirming Films

GimmeShelterPerseveranceZenit has just published their interview here with the founder of Several Shelters founder Kathy DiFiore, who is a main character in the true-to-life film, Gimme Shelter. Several Shelters’ website has many pro-life resources for mothers with unexpected pregnancies at

If you can, go to see Gimme Shelter this week-end!

I’ve also received invitations to screen two new upcoming family- and/or faith-friendly films, comedy Moms’ Night Out (releasing April 9), starring Patricia Heaton and Sean Astin, and Heaven Is for Real (releasing for Easter). I’ll post reviews,  but just to give you something to look forward to:

“Rising To New Life” in the Movies

2013-03-27 08.46.20Last year, I posted a list of My Top Ten Easter Movies, and shared the list on Salt + Light Radio.  That list still stands–it hasn’t changed in a year. But this year I wanted to share some not-so-obvious films that might “fit” many themes of the Easter season–films about coming to new life. (You can listen to the list on Salt + Light Radio here.) We “rise to new life” in many ways throughout our lives, and this short list of five movies to watch during the Easter season (with five runners-up) addresses these various kinds of “new life” that we may be invited to.

The movies on today’s list are not traditional, fluffy “Easter bunny” films because the best stories about coming to new life also have to take us through the darkness of death. So these films may not be Easter Sunday viewing, but they can offer insights about how we can live the greatest mystery of our faith–the Paschal Mystery of Jesus’ Passion, Death, and Resurrection–in our own lives.

5. NowVoyagerCoverThe classic 1942 Bette Davis film Now, Voyager, is the story of a woman who has been so emotionally abused by her family that she has lost all sense of herself. Through friends, therapy, and a romance, she gradually–and precariously–transforms from an ugly duckling into a strong woman who comes to care for others. Bette Davis and the entire supporting cast give wonderful performances—Bette Davis was nominated for an Oscar. The “new life” of the protagonist is not literally an escape from death, but a psychological and emotional coming to life as Bette Davis’s character discovers what it is to truly love and be loved.

4. DarkKnightRisesCoverFilm number 4 is a tie between two movies from 2012: Les Miserables and  Dark Knight Rises. Despite the limitations of a comic-book adaptation, in Dark Knight Rises, Batman and Gotham both undergo an incredibly dark oppression. Actually, Batman’s Bruce Wayne begins the film as a broken man–he has not recovered from the great sacrifices he  made the last time he rescued Gotham. Yet, once he has been captured and even further broken by Gotham’s new nemesis, Bruce struggles not to give up his agonizing hope to escape and once more free Gotham from oppression and destruction. One of the things I love about this film is that both Bruce and Gotham make a journey from death to new life. Batman’s willingness to not just sacrifice his life but everything makes him a Christ-figure that is appropriate for Easter.

LesMiserablesMusicalCoverAny of the cinematic portrayals of Les Miserables offer wonderful insights on what it means to be redeemed. The musical version, however, offers powerful melodies and lyrics that add another level to the story. One of the most powerful scenes is Jean Valjean’s soul being “bought back” from evil by the bishop’s kindness. Yet, for me what makes this story unique and even more powerful for mature believers is that the story doesn’t stop at Jean Valjean’s early redemption, but shows the consequences of what it means to live this redemption throughout one’s life, within difficult and challenging circumstances. And how his “new life” affects those around him, as he offers others mercy and hope. In the musical, the closing scene has a beautiful scene of resurrection for all the characters that have suffered.

SecondhandLionsCover3. Secondhand Lions is a little-known gem of a movie from 2003 that the whole family can see together. But this is not a fluffy Disney-like film–the more attentive you are in viewing the film, the more you’ll get out of it. Haley Joel  Osment stars as Walter, an awkward adolescent whose irresponsible mother drops him off unannounced at his seemingly crazy uncles in Texas, whom he’s never met. Robert Duvall and Michael Caine are the eccentric, gruff uncles that eventually come to offer something special to the lonely Walter, but they are not untouched by his arrival. Writer-director Tim McCanlies does a marvelous job of layering meaning into a simple story. Walter’s journey is not literally from death, but more of a journey from neglect and “fake” love to a new life of freedom from fear and genuine love. Secondhand Lions is a delightful film with wonderful performances that will engage the entire family.

MatrixCover2. The Matrix cinematically offers so many visual and narrative moments of resurrection that I had no choice but to include it on this list. As with many films (such as Dark Knight Rises), I am not satisfied with a seeming glorification of violence that is portrayed in this film. Yet this many-layered movie offers a great story, amazing sequences, and profound insights. Neo, a computer hacker played by Keanu Reeves, discovers that his entire life has been controlled by others—without his knowing it. He is encouraged to lead a rebellion against those who control him and his world, but the journey from a coma-like state to full awareness is not without a huge cost. Neo’s journey may very well change the future of the entire world—from captivity to freedom.

SchindlersList1. Schindler’s List, the masterpiece directed by Steven Spielberg which explores the depravity of the Holocaust, best captures a journey of coming to new life: both in the lives of the Jews who are rescued from the Holocaust, and in Oskar Schindler’s own journey from self-serving, greedy jerk to a man who repeatedly risks his life and eventually loses everything to save the lives of 1200 Jews. Schindler’s journey from selfishness to self-sacrifice, from sinfulness to grace, leads his workers from the certainty of death to the possibility of new life at the end of World War II. What makes this film so brilliant is the contrast between the journey of Schindler, who repeatedly chooses life for others, and Goethe, the Nazi commander who repeatedly chooses death for others. The true story of this ordinary man who, under pressure, saves the lives of others at the risk of his own, offers hope to all of us.

What are your favorite movies that revolve around the theme of resurrection? I’d be very interested  in your feedback–and I suspect other readers of the blog would be interested as well.

My list of five runners-up–without commentary for now–is below.

  • Spitfire Grill
  • Tender Mercies
  • Truman Show
  • Patch Adams
  • Superman Returns

My prayers for a very Blessed Easter for each of you!

Mighty Macs Film Commentary

I write this blog during my free time, which is why when I’m traveling, not much blogging happens. Lately however, I haven’t been traveling, I’ve just been extra busy. I’m doing some pretty intense writing, and prepping for some wonderful upcoming events (our Lenten Discernment Retreat, and our upcoming Cinema Divina evening with the best Catholic film in recent memory, Of Gods and Men).

I have freed up a little chunk of time that I will try to fit in blogging more consistently–a couple evenings a week. Hopefully you’ll see the fruits of those efforts in the next few weeks.

One other writing update: the extra materials that I’ve prepared for the readers of See Yourself Through God’s Eyes have finally found an online home! The material I’ve already prepared is going to take a different format, so I’ll be working on that in the next couple of weeks as well. Right now, it looks like the new material will go up in May.

I know I’m behind on my blog when I have film commentaries ready to post and never actually put them up. Here’s my commentary on Mighty Macs, which recently released to DVD.

Mighty Macs is a light-hearted, worthwhile family film that deserves a wider viewing than provided by the limited theatrical release in the US and the total lack of a theatrical release in Canada. The story of Mary’s basketball team (“Mac” is short for  “Immaculata”), the small women’s college basketball team who amazingly won the first ever collegiate award for women’s basketball in 1972. At the time, both Immaculata College and its team were struggling to survive. The team had no gym—it had burned down the year before; no money—the school itself was struggling for survival; and horribly outdated uniforms. A typical sports movie, Mighty Macs is about a “little” team overcoming all odds.


One of the reasons sports movies can be so enjoyable is their powerful themes of perseverance and following your dreams. Mighty Macs has those elements with a special twist: overcoming inequality.

Based on true events in 1972 where women’s collegiate basketball was just beginning to gain recognition, Mighty Macs highlights the many inequalities these young women were struggling against: family expectations, no money, lack of respect, societal pressures, and a history of losing. First time basketball coach Cathy Rush (abrasively but likably portrayed by Carla Gugino) faced the same pressures–even from her loving husband who at first didn’t support her goals. The Sisters, Servants of the Immaculate Heart of Mary–the community running the college–seem to care more for the exercise than for the sport at first. Then we discover the sisters are desperately trying to ensure the college’s survival, in a world dominated by big universities and a primarily male board of directors. The sisters are also being told what to do, and the unexpected wins of the basketball team help to level the sides of the dialogue.

The strength of the film is that it’s about the team working together. With strong acting, a solid script,  and no “preachy” moments ringing false, Mighty Macs is an enjoyable family film and a must-see for fans of women’s basketball.

Mighty Macs is not a film about faith; rather, it’s a faith-friendly film where the characters work out their difficulties in an atmosphere of faith. The faith element is visibly present–two of the main characters are nuns in habits–but faith is not the focus of the film, it’s the context.

A personal side-note here: Often the portrayal of religious life in film is either negative or extremely superficial. While this film doesn’t have time to delve deeply into the characters of any of the sisters, I came away liking the image of religious life Mighty Macs offers. It’s obvious the screenwriter knows sisters: that they’re real people, who actually need to have a special spirit–a determined kind of courage–to live religious life.


I’m not a huge fan of the sports movie genre. The sports arena can feel somewhat predictable, and thus the triumph of winning the game at the end can seem overly sentimental to me. While this is somewhat true for Mighty Macs, a couple of the games were dramatized so well that I was not sure if they would be wins or losses.

The “team” character of the film means that no one character is deeply developed; rather, there are many characters with smaller character growth. I found myself caring less about individual characters, but more for the team as a whole. I wanted to join the cheering nuns on the sidelines! With so many subplots, not all of them were resolved by the end of the film. This could be a flaw for some viewers, but I think it makes the film more realistic.

How is Mighty Macs a Window to the Soul?

While sports movies aren’t my personal favorites, they offer great metaphors for the spiritual life.

As portrayed in the film, the upstanding values of Coach Cathy Rush, as well as the selfless generosity of Mother Superior, are high notes. Both women–as well as the basketball team–are up against huge obstacles. Their strength, honesty, negotiating skills, and sheer grit in the face of overwhelming odds are inspiring. Just as moving are the efforts of Sister Sunday, a young sister discerning her call as a religious who gives the team and its coach unqualified support. Finally, the way the young women finally came together to become a team is inspiring as well. Equality—or the dignity and worth of each person—is the true “Catholic” note in the film: rich or poor, male or female, big university or small college.

Might Macs is a fascinating portrayal of the journey of this women’s team, who truly overcame impossible odds just to make it to the championship games.

Gospel Themes:

Equality–the dignity and worth of every person
Faith in difficulty
Team spirit (Community)
Discernment in Following Christ

Thought-provoking Film Reviews

Sr. Rose Pacatte, FSP

Sister Rose Pacatte, fsp, has been working for many years in the field of Media Literacy and promoting the dialogue between faith and culture through the Pauline Center for Media Studies. She has a new website where she is posting more in-depth feature film reviews on video:  But my favorite posting (so far) is her description of why she reviews films. In just two minutes, she explains what we can do to evangelize the media culture: evangelizing both media-makers and media-consumers.

I’ve really only dabbled in commenting on films, and I’ve posted my thoughts on just a few films, but these simple film commentaries are my most popular blog posts. I’d like to propose several other excellent sites for film reviews that encourage the dialogue between faith and culture, starting with Sr. Rose’s sites:

Sr. Rose’s My Movies Blog (written reviews).

Sr. Rose’s On Faith and Media very short video reviews (about 1 minute each) at

Sr. Rose Goes to the Movies — Sr. Rose’s newest site for video reviews–still short, but giving more breadth and depth for each film

And this is the one I check most frequently:

Signis, the World Catholic Association for Communication  — posts the film reviews of Father Peter Malone, MSC. They are insightful, often witty, and written from the perspective of a faith-filled priest who not only loves film, but has written numerous books about theology and cinema. Father Malone covers a wide variety of films, so almost any title you look for, you can find.

(Note: Father Peter Malone and Sr. Rose Pacatte co-wrote Pauline Book & Media’s Lights, Camera, Faith! Movie Lectionaries series that pair a movie with each Sunday’s readings, as well as another volume that explores the Ten Commandments through film.)

Here are a few others that I check occasionally:
Christianity Today is the website of the evangelical magazine, and it presents thoughtful and timely film reviews from the perspective of Christian faith. You can also sign up and receive their free e-newsletter with all their reviews.

PopTheology “ examines the intersection of pop culture and theology, religion, and spirituality,” from a Christian stance. It is not strictly speaking a film review site, but includes many film and TV show reviews. Good for in-depth reflections on movies that have a lot to them.

Spirituality and Practice is a site I go to when I want to get a quick sense of the spiritual themes of a film, but it is much more than a film review site. Frederic and Mary Ann Brussat, authors of Spiritual Literacy: Reading the Spiritual in Everyday Life, describe it as a “multifaith and interspiritual website devoted to resources for spiritual journeys.” The site offers multiple ways to support growth in spirituality from an interfaith perspective, especially its 37 spiritual practices, for which it suggests viewing particular films. I find their film (and DVD) recommendations very helpful, and when I am looking for a film with a particular spiritual theme, I will often visit their website.

SoulFood Movies writes about “films with a spiritual flavor,” reviewing or recommending films both new and old. I just found this site recently and am planning to check it out more frequently.

For parents who want a content advisory, Decent Films Guide, by  Steven D. Greydanus also offers insightful film reviews: “film appreciation and criticism informed by Christian faith,” is how he puts it. Of course, the United States Conference of Catholic Bishops also offers film reviews through the Catholic News Service.

Each of these sites takes a different approach to film, but I find all of them helpful when exploring the depth and complexity of particular films. I hope these are helpful. Where do you go to find helpful film reviews? Please feel free to share good resources in the comments or email me and I’ll post them.

New and Upcoming Faith-Themed Films

This LA Times article highlights some interesting new films which take faith seriously. I’ve been waiting for the Canadian release of  The Way, starring Martin Sheen for a long time, as well as Seven Days to Utopia and Brighton Rock, but unfortunately, they haven’t been released here yet. However, some of the other films the article refers to are already released in Canada: Courageous (from the team that gave us Facing the Giants and Fireproof), and Higher Ground (reviewed here by Sr. Rose Pacatte).

Here’s the trailer for The Way–a film to look forward to!

Cinema Divina at PBM Toronto!

Tonight we begin our new film series at our Toronto Pauline Book & Media Centre. We’re excited to be offering something unique this year, launching from our usual Faith & Film approach.

Cinema Divina is based on the movements of the familiar prayer, Lectio Divina, which means “Sacred Reading.” Together, we will prayerfully read passages from Sacred Scripture and one of our great Catholic spiritual writers, and then watch the chosen film attentively. After the film, we will reflect together and enter into dialogue, prayer, and action about the cinematic experience and the Scriptural themes it highlights. This approach is very similar to what we’ve been doing at our Faith & Film Nights–actually, it retains all the elements, but shifts the focus to prayer and spiritual growth.
Attached is the color flyer, and following that is a typed up list of upcoming films and dates (with the exception of January’s theme, to be announced). We hope you can join us! For more information, please feel free to call our Pauline Book & Media Centre: 416-781-9131.
Monday, September 26, 2011
Mark 10 & Luis Martinez
What do I think of when I hear talk about “God’s will”? 
Monday, October 24, 2011  (Note that film is a week early, to avoid conflicts with Oct. 31)  
The King’s Speech
Exodus 3-4 & John Henry Newman
What does it take to find your voice?
Monday, November 28, 2011    
Last Holiday
Acts 12 & Teresa of Avila
What are my deep-down desires?

(There will be no Cinema Divina held in December)

Monday, January 30, 2012       
The Young Victoria
Theme TBA
Are personal integrity and justice possible in the real world?
Monday, February 27, 2012       
2 Tim 2 & Thomas à Kempis
What do you do when you find yourself caught between ideals?
Monday, March 26, 2012       
Of Gods and Men
Micah 6 & Jean Pierre de Caussade
Where do I find strength and peace in the moment by moment decisions of life?
Monday, April 30, 2012
In America
Matthew 18 & John of the Cross
How do you get back on track when your dreams crumble?
Monday, May 28, 2012
Matthew 7 & Catherine of Siena
Is forgiveness a sign of weakness or strength?

The Cardboard Village Film Commentary

Budget and time were tight this year so I only made it to see one film this year at TIFF, despite a short list of five that I really wanted to see. However, the one I saw was well-chosen: The Cardboard Village, or il villaggio di cartone, written and directed by Ermanno Olmi.

It’s always fun to pick out films to watch at a film festival, but this was a no-brainer. One of Olmi’s films made it onto the Vatican’s Best Films List: The Tree of Wooden Clogs. (By the way, Tree of the Wooden Clogs has been #1 on my ziplist for months, but I’m still waiting for it to come! I hope Zip really does have a circulating copy!) But I was also interested in the subject of the film: how does an elderly, retired priest respond to the closing of the parish church he has served in his entire life? The write up that TIFF gave the film suggested a character study, and a compassionate look at the issue of illegal immigrants in Italy (and Europe), an issue that came to a very real crisis in Italy this spring. The film did not disappoint.

The Cardboard Village
is an unhurried, richly-detailed film that rewards those who pay attention to its visual symbolism. It is a parable that intensely explores the imperative to love which lies at the heart of Christianity.

The Cardboard Village begins with the dismantling of the interior of a typical small Catholic church, as seen through the eyes of its elderly pastor, who futilely and embarrassingly resists. It’s a scene all too familiar in North America, and is powerfully lensed. The striking cinematography of the crucifix dizzily spinning as it is taken down could disorient the audience as much as it would have the pastor, played by Michael Lonsdale. Lonsdale, who recently acted as one of my favorite monks in Of Gods and Men, gives an understated performance of the paralysis of finding one’s self too old, no longer needed, and perhaps no longer relevant. After the church has closed, he gives a homily to the empty church in which he reveals his own dark night of the soul.

The pastor’s running monologue ranges from amusing to irritating to profound. Yet we need it, because it is in huge contrast with the almost entirely silent, visual narrative of the African refugees who find temporary asylum from the police in the locked-up church. The refugees’ characters are well-sketched visually, but the extremely limited dialogue leaves most of their stories up to the imagination of the audience.

The film takes place almost entirely inside the church, the sacristy, and the rectory. The outdoor shots are completely lacking in detail and simply show the invasive headlights of construction equipment or the police cars coming to detain the immigrants.

The extremely close-up scope, the lack of details, and the overt Christian symbolism make the film more a parable than a realistic narrative, although some moments are strikingly real. It’s up to the audience to imagine the ending, and to interpret the meaning of the characters’ choices that we witness.

The unmistakable Christian symbolism makes this film a meditation on the true purpose of the Church and the law of love that is the heart of Christian discipleship. What usually happens in a Catholic Church takes place in an unexpected way as the refugees hide in the torn-down church: new life, washing, Eucharist, betrayal and forgiveness, even a reference to sharing the Word of God.

Olmi’s choice to bring us into the details of the present moment of the story, without giving a satisfactory sense of what has happened before or what will happen afterwards, can make the film more intense. But the slow pace and attention to exquisite detail could make the pacing seem ponderous. The lack of closure and explicit narrative arc makes the film confusing and perhaps less accessible for some viewers.

The orchestral film score is beautiful but rather than always integrating seamlessly with the narrative, it sometimes draws attention to itself. For some, this might heighten the emotion; for me, this stylistic choice distracts from being present to the most powerful moments of the film.

Window to the Soul?
The Cardboard Village is a powerful visual parable that works on several levels. The spiritual journey of the elderly priest was, for me, the most compelling piece of the film, but the refugee narrative contains wonderful symbolism about the meaning of the Christian life, as well as an invitation to reverence and welcome the Other.

The Cardboard Village (Italian, with English subtitles)
il villaggio di cartone
Written and Directed by Ermanno Olmi
Release in Italy: October 7, 2011

For those who are interested, themes included in the film are:

  • Dark night of the soul
  • Faith
  • The “ordinary” sacramental moments in the life of the Church
  • The human condition and the human community
  • Illegal refugees and the question of social justice
  • Jesus’ law of love